Thursday, May 28, 2020

Another species near extinction – Goral

Goral or commonly known as ghural or pijur is an animal who feeds on plant remains, leaves and grass. It is nearly threatened and found in Northern parts of India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bhutan. It looks nearly like a deer and has very huge horns and a life span of 16-19 years. They are very calm and slow walkers. The cause of them nearing extinction is the usual one, the cause of excessive human greed.

We have caused so much harm to the earth and different species of flora and fauna. The harm is caused by the CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) that are emitted from air conditioners and Refrigerators; the harmful radiations of smartphones and the 4th Generation network. Also, the recent development in the network which is 5G has caused so much harm to the environment that the natural habitat of animals is effected extremely.

The main purpose of the wildlife sanctuaries is protection of such animals. The main cause of the need for protection of the beauty of nature and all the living creatures is global warming. The hole in  the ozone has led to increased heat coming with UV Rays which not only increases the temperature of this planet but has also led to certain issues developing in human beings such as skin rashes, higher cancer risk, sunstrokes, dehydration and whatnot.

We can do something about it. Recently a company started using pollution in the air and emissions from the cars to make ink. Our goal should be to sustainable development by using jute bags, carpooling and opting for greener ways of living our lives. If we look around we can find many ways to save our nature.

The main population of Gorals today is found in Russia where they are about 600 and are in decline; in other places, the population of these endangered species are below 200.

This species is classified as endangered in South Korea, with an estimated population less than 250. It has been designated South Korean natural monument. In 2003, the species was reported as being present in northeast India in Arunachal Pradesh.

The goral’s average lifespan in the wild is 10–15 years. At the end of a 215-day gestation period, they give birth to one offspring, or very rarely twins. Breeding within the zoo systems has been successful, with the San Diego Zoo especially.

Laws regarding their safety are poorly enforced because of their uses in traditional medicine. The Poaching of wild gorals is increasing; they are poached for their fur, meat, and horns. They are also poached because some of their parts are used in traditional medicine. Their natural predators are also affecting the population. Their predators apart from humans include lynx, snow leopards, tigers and wolves in some regions.

The agriculture activities are adversely affecting their natural habitat as their habitat is being destroyed rapidly by the slash-and-burn form of agriculture. Their natural habitats are being farmed and used for livestock. The domestic livestock is grazing off all the grass leaving nothing for the native goral to eat. They are losing space in zoos because they are not a very well-known animal. The gorals are being replaced with more popular animals such as tigers, lions, and bears; this is strictly an economic issue because better-known animals at the zoo attract more guests which therefore generates more profits.

Hiya Aneja is a student of the Central University of Jammu. 


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